Vitebsk-Birthplace Of Marc Chagall
More recently, two years ago, we celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Wedding of Marc Chagall with his fiancee Bella Rosenfeld, in 2017 we celebrated the 130th anniversary of Marc Chagall himself, in 2018-the 100th anniversary of the VNHU (Vitebsk National Art School) created by him.
Arrival at the Photo lesson is a great opportunity to plunge into the atmosphere,
where the great painter was born, lived and worked.


Marc Chagall. Rue dans le Village, 1940

If I wasn't a Jew, as I understand it, I wouldn't be
an artist, or would have been a very different artist.
Marc Chagall
Marc Chagall was born on July 7, 1887 in the small city of Vitebsk, then the Russian Empire.
He received a traditional Jewish education at home, having studied the Hebrew language, the Torah and the Talmud. From 1898 to 1905, Chagall studied at the 1st Vitebsk four-class school. In 1906, he studied fine art at the art school of the Vitebsk painter Yudel pan, then moved to St. Petersburg.
"Having taken twenty-seven rubles — the only money my father gave me for my art education in my whole life-I, a ruddy and curly-haired youth, am going to Petersburg with a friend. It's decided! Tears and pride choked me as I picked up the money from the floor — my father had thrown it under the table. I crawled and picked it up. To my father's questions, I stammered that I wanted to go to art school... I don't remember exactly what face he made or what he said. Or rather, at first he was silent, then, as usual, he warmed the samovar, poured himself some tea, and then, with his mouth full, said: "Well, go if you want. But remember, I don't have any more money. You know that. That's all I can scrape together. I will not send anything. Don't count on it."
In St. Petersburg, for two seasons, Chagall studied at the Drawing school Of the society for the encouragement of arts, which was headed by N. K. Roerich (he was admitted to the school without an exam for the third year). In 1909-1911, he continued his studies with L. S. Bakst at the private art school of E. N. Zvantseva.
In the autumn of 1909, during his stay in Vitebsk, Chagall met his future wife and the love of his life, Berta (Bella) Rosenfeld. The love theme in Chagall's work is always associated with the image of Bella. From paintings of all periods of his work, including the later (after the death of Bella), her "bulging black eyes"look at us. Her features are recognizable in the faces of almost all the women depicted by him.
In 1911, Chagall went to Paris on a scholarship, where he continued to study and met artists and avant-garde poets who lived in the French capital. This is where he first started using the personal name mark. In the summer of 1914, the artist came to Vitebsk to meet his family and see Bella. But the war began and the return to Europe was postponed indefinitely. On July 25, 1915, Chagall and Bella were married. In 1916, they had a daughter, IDA, who later became a biographer and researcher of her father's work.
In August 1910, Maxim Vinaver, a member of the state Duma in 1905 and a patron of the arts, offers the artist a scholarship that allows him to go to study in Paris. Upon arrival, Moisha Segal takes a creative pseudonym.
Now he is Marc Chagall, in the French manner.

Marc Chagall
Self-portrait with brushes 1909-10
Dear connoisseurs of beauty!
It was an extraordinary joy to prepare this material, since you share not just the best, but the best and your family. I was also born and raised in Vitebsk, so I was lucky enough to know and be friends with a man who, along with Chagall, studied painting with the great Yudel pan - Pyotr maksovich Yavich. Thus, the story becomes somehow closer. In General, Vitebsk is an amazing city-imbued with the spirit of creativity, who lives in it, who comes, everyone is charged with the energy of beauty and ... fly!
Enjoy your viewing!
Vasily Prudnikov
Director Of the cultural project RUSS PRESS PHOTO
Curator of the festival of photography " FotoKrok"

Vitebsk in Chagall's paintings — the city of childhood and memories
Marc Chagall. Blue house (1917)
"All over Vitebsk, I was looking for a school where I could study painting. Finally,
I found pen's Atelier. He was a provincial portrait painter who taught his art to students. I asked my mother to take me to him as if I were asking my parents to go with me to some artisan who might take me as an apprentice and negotiate terms.
But my mother wanted to talk to my uncle first, who in our little-educated circle has gained a reputation for reading a lot of Newspapers. And my uncle gave the example of the names of Repin and Vereshchagin, but added that the artist must have talent. I hadn't thought of that at all. My mother decided to let me learn to draw if teacher Peng discovered my talent. All this happened in 1907.
I was 17 years old at the time." Marc Chagall
Vitebsk —
the city that gave the world the famous avant-garde artist Marc Chagall.
Chagall was in love with his hometown from childhood: even as a small boy, he liked to sit in the attic and look at the low houses and endless fences, the Church and the roads of his native provincial city. This love he carried in his heart through all his life, as well as the love for Bella, whom he met immediately.
The myth of Vitebsk is one of the most memorable images of Chagall's work.
Now the image of Vitebsk at the beginning of the XX century can not be found almost anywhere, only in the works of the master.
Marc Chagall painted in his Studio, which was located in his own courtyard. From her window she could see the hill on which the Church stood, a Church that the artist had often depicted.
The author shows his audience how to depict the gray monotony of houses, identical fences, unremarkable stairs and fill them with life and brightness.
Even when the master was far from his native city (in France, USA, Germany), he painted Vitebsk. Paintings depicting the city have become one of the best works of the artist.
Марк Шагал. Витебск. Над городом.
Paris, you are my Vitebsk!
"Paris, you are my Vitebsk!" - this was the best compliment that the admiring artist could come up with when addressing the French capital.
It was in Vitebsk that Marc Chagall was first called an "artist". He drew everything that came across his eyes, and then showed a friend one of his works. Friend and said this cherished word, which for a long time sunk into the soul of Mark.
On Pokrovskaya street, not far from the house where the artist lived as a child, the Marc Chagall Museum was built.
Memorial parent house of the artist on Pokrovskaya street. Photo: Eugene Suslova
There is also the Marc Chagall Art Center.
This Museum-gallery is located in a building of the XIX century. It is known that at the end of the century before last, the building was built for his family by a Prussian subject, a locksmith Langenfeld. It is interesting that this red brick building was depicted by Marc Chagall in his famous painting "Over the city".
And last year, after restoration, the People's art school was opened, where great artists of the twentieth century Kazimir Malevich, El Lissitsky, Mstislav Dobuzhinsky and others worked as teachers. The school was opened on January 28, 1919 by the Commissioner of the College for the arts in the Vitebsk province, mark Chagall.
On June 23, 2016, in Vitebsk on the city Day, Chagall street appeared in honor of the location of the Vitebsk National School on it.
So the cherished keys are ready to open the workshops where the great Masters taught. Photo: Vasily Prudnikov
Flying people in Chagall's paintings.
To take off, little dreaminess, you need a temperament,
the ecstasy that filled her chest, the passion that lifted her into the air.

Marc Chagall
During her pregnancy, Mark's mother attended a performance by Lerner's well-known circus troupe at the time. The highlight of the program were flying acrobats. When mark grew up and began to depict people floating in the air, his mother said: "Apparently, one of the flying girls stole my boy's soul. I shouldn't have looked at that."
Flying people who violate all the laws of nature look natural in Chagall's paintings: it is as if he created his own dimension, his own universe, combining time and space in it according to his own laws.
Flying with Chagall was associated with love, passion and dreams. Look at his paintings: it seems as if their author has been flying in the sky all his life. Maybe it was: otherwise, how can we explain the fact that Chagall did not even think of leaving Paris when the Nazis burned his paintings in Berlin, declared his work "degenerate art" and began to kill Jews?
The artist died on March 28, 1985 in his own house, going up in the Elevator to the second floor. He spent his life drawing flying people and died in flight.

Artist over Vitebsk (1977-78). Marc Chagall
Marc Chagall Paintings 149, Art, Oil Paintings
Mark Chagall about love.
Walk. 1917-18 Marc Chaga
I thought there were treasures hidden in Bella's heart.
Marc Chagall
At whatever age Marc Chagall was asked what is most important in life, the artist always answered: «Love». If it had not been in the life of the master, many of his paintings would not have been born.
Chagall returned from his first trip to St. Petersburg broken. But after he met Berta Rosenfeld (Bella), he was so uplifted, felt such confidence in himself that he was able to return to the cultural capital of the Russian Empire and realize himself as an artist. Love was the source of his strength.
Paintings by Marc Chagall "Wedding", "Lovers", "Dream of Lovers", "Lovers at the bridge", "Green lovers", "Gray lovers", "Blue lovers", " Lovers in lilac":
Chagall's paintings are a Manifesto of love, the power of which allows you to break the laws of nature and soar above the earth.

A love beyond time and distance. In our life there is a single paint, as on the artist's palette, that gives meaning to life and art. This is the paint of love.
Marc Chagall.
Angel over Vitebsk. Marc Chagall
I try to create such a world,
where a tree can be different from a tree, where I can suddenly notice that I have seven fingers on my right hand and only five on my left. In General, a world where everything is possible, where there is nothing to be surprised at, but at the same time the world where you do not stop being surprised at everything.
Marc Chagall
Мечта над Витебском. Марк Шагал
I never knew when I was born. Officially, I was born in 1887, and wherever I have friends, my seventieth birthday was celebrated...
Marc Chagall
Artist at the festival. 1982 Marc Chagall
Yes, it is!
How was it possible to love life, to not notice the age. A real artist, a boundless romantic. And a real man of the World, a man who does not recognize citizenship. Every country where he lived and not only (Russia, America, France, and Israel) fought for his belonging to it,
but only small, incredibly cozy, kind Vitebsk remained its true Homeland.
The festival of photography "PhotoKrok" was created thanks to another Vitebsk resident - photographer and inventor Sigismund Yurkovsky, but its participants are immersed in the very creative atmosphere created by Chagall. Just like a great artist, they use Vitebsk as a texture to create their photographic masterpieces. And they do it perfectly!
Vasily Prudnikov
Director Of the cultural project RUSS PRESS PHOTO
Curator of the festival of photography " FotoKrok"
Vitebsk in Sagalovsky!
The exhibition of participants of the Festival "photo lesson"
the 100th wedding anniversary of Mark and Bella.
Created by:
Festival of photography "FotoKrok".
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